09.06.23 / Renewables / Article

Environmental damage caused by the explosion of the Kakhovka HPP

Monitoring of recorded losses from the destruction of the Kakhovka HPP (as of 09 June 2023)

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General damage in numbers 

  1. Every second, about 40,000 cubic meters of water flows out of the Kakhovka reservoir. Ukraine has already lost 6.5 cubic kilometers.
  2. Almost 20,000 consumers were left without electricity in Kherson and neighboring settlements due to the flood created by the blowing up of the Kakhovka HPP.
  3. In Kherson, 129 transformer substations were flooded and damaged. Additionally, two solar power plants were flooded in Mykolaiv Oblast due to the flood.
  4. 32 settlements have been flooded on the right bank. According to the preliminary information, 3 375 houses have been affected by water: Kherson district – 2,478, Beryslav district – 110, Kakhovka district – 41.
  5. 350 pumping stations and reclamation canals with a total length of more than 1,100 km were left without a source of irrigation as a result of the Kakhovka HPP explosion.

Environmental damage:

  1. In the village of Marianske, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, more than 850 kilograms of aquatic organisms, including fish, died as a result of the destruction of the dam of the Kakhovka Hydroelectric Power Plant and the draining of the reservoir. These are carp, approximately 28,000 fish.
  2. According to Ruslan Strilets, the Minister of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources, approximately 150 tonnes of oil have already entered the Dnipro River from damaged machinery within the dam, with the potential for further leakage of over 300 tonnes. The estimated damage to water resources alone amounts to around Hr. 2 billion.
  3. The Nizhne Dniprovskiy National Nature Park, covering more than 80,000 hectares of protected land with rare species, is at risk of permanent disappearance.
  4. Approximately 55,000 hectares of forest in the Kherson region have been flooded, as a result of the Kakhovka HPP explosion, which will lead to a significant loss of wildlife in the area.
  5. Over 100,000 tons of grain have been lost, while it is difficult to assess the extent of damages on the Russian-controlled left bank of the Dnipro River.
  6. More than 20,000 wild animals and 160,000 birds are under threat of death due to the Russians' explosion of the Kakhovka hydroelectric power station.

Expected loss (approximately)

Further actions by the authorities and International Organizations

  1. The Ukraine's State Agency for Reconstruction and Development of Infrastructure plans to build 3 sections of the 87 km long water pipeline, which will pass about 300,000 cubic meters of water per day, possibly increasing the water supply volume to cities and villages.
  2. The World Bank will conduct an expedited assessment of the damage caused by the destruction of the Kakhovka hydroelectric power station and assess Ukraine's needs for recovery from this disaster.
  3. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) will provide UAH 22.5 million in aid to farms affected by the explosion of the Kakhovka HPP.
  4. "Ukrhydroenergo applied to the European Court of Human Rights and informed the court in the case No. 47938/22 PJSC Ukrhydroenergo v. Russia on the terrorist act committed by Russia.